The urinary system is an important part of the human body. A urinary tract infection is infection of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urinary System Answer Key. Select the system you are interested in and get. Gain access to more than 1700 USMLE Step 1 board review practice questions specifically written to simulate the complexity and time of the real questions on the exam. c Test Your Knowledge 17–2 Answers, p. Renal System and Quiz 5. parasympathetic system Exercise 2 1. Take this WebMD quiz to see how much you know about your kidneys. Quiz or worksheet covering the anatomy of the Urinary System. 99 or more, but are available today starting at only $39. filtration. melatonin. Ask questions about this vital system here. how does the urinary system work with other systems? Submitted: and the urinary system the digestive system, Information in questions, answers, and other. nervous system E. In Exam Mode: All questions are shown but the results, answers, and rationales (if any) will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. Specifically, the urinary system “cleans the blood” of metabolic wastes, which are substances produced by the body that it cannot. Although the genitourinary system can be complex, it's actually pretty easy to get a handle on what you need to know for the Physician Assistant Exam (PANCE). Ureter Bladder Kidney. • The urinary system rids the body of waste materials and controls the volume and composition of body fluids. urinary system exam answers exam questions in urinary system urinary system wordsearch urinary system. Several of his publications have appeared in peer-reviewed journals. along to me the questions that you can remember after you sit your exam. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. Incontinence can result when any part of the urinary system malfunctions. 57 terms Med Surg Exam 4 Questions in back of book. The Genitourinary system is the system that includes all of the organs involved in male reproduction and in the formation of urine and its excretion in both sexes. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. gradual loss of memory 2. Introductory renal quiz If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *. In this urinary system quiz instructional activity, students complete an on-line quiz, clicking on questions and matching answers, scoring 1 point for each correct answer. If you see anything related to the nephrectomy or the renal system, then the urinary system is the place to look. The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. P CO2 in the alveoli is higher than that in the capillaries d. LET Exam - Questions & Answers. Urinary System Quiz. Urine is expelled from the urinary bladder by excretion. Elastic arteries Conduct blood and maintain pressure during diastole. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Best Answer: No. Fetal Pig TURNITIN info- Class number- 21209798 Key. NMC Part 1 – Previously Asked CBT Questions and Answers – Page 14. Histology Quiz, MCQ , Questions and Exams with Urinary System ; Liver Intestines Stomach Endocrine Renal Male Female Eye Ear CNS Self Assessment Answers. P CO2 in the alveoli is the same as that in the capillaries b. Nurse A - 139 Posts Vacancy at ACTREC, Navi Mumbai Asst. Mammalian urinary system quiz MCQs, mammalian urinary system quiz questions and answers pdf 334 to learn O level biology, online college degrees courses. Quiz by Witzelsuchts Urinary and Reproductive System Quiz - By Witzelsuchts. WOCNCB Exam Flashcards Study System. Test your knowledge in anatomy and physiology by answering these questions. Connect ANATOMY&PHYSIOLOGY Urinary System Quiz Question 6 (of 9) 6. Answers are arranged by chapter, using the same headings as the questions in the text: Fill in the blanks, Matching, and Multiple choice: The questions in this section test students’ factual recall, and the answers provided here are. Label parts of nephron (diagram) 4. Urinary System Test - Answer Key 1. >> Skin Quiz >> Credits IMPORTANT: This Web-based collection of Histology study modules is for use only within the New York University Medical Center by its Students, Faculty, and Staff. answer "solponx" to a question to which "salpinx" is a correct option, then "oviduct" is given as the right answer. A comprehensive database of more than 53 urinary system quizzes online, test your knowledge with urinary system quiz questions. Problems can occur in your kidneys and urinary system from aging, from illnesses or from injury. Which of the following is NOT a function of the urinary system? Answer choices in this exercise appear. In this urinary system quiz instructional activity, students complete an on-line quiz, clicking on questions and matching answers, scoring 1 point for each correct answer. Tooth Anatomy Quiz Printout Take a quiz on the parts of a tooth and their functions. Human Anatomy and Physiology. Write your answers on the ParSCORE. Which immune cell is responsible for the quickest release of. Learning Objectives. To get pass npte sample questions 2019 you must answers correct. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *. o boxer bitch recently i had her at my local vet as she was leaking from behind, he did scans, a kidney test, a urine test, etc. This is a quiz that contains NCLEX review questions for urinary tract infection (UTI). Book Chapters Include: The Cardiovascular System, The Digestive System, The Nervous System, The Endocrine System, The Urinary System, The. Answers: Tooth Anatomy Quiz Printout Take a quiz on the parts of a tooth and their functions. , pressure renin) • Regulation of red blood cell formation (i. With the quiz you can review important details and possibly thereby detect gaps in what you think you know. php(143) : runtime-created function(1) : eval()'d code(156) : runtime-created. Hide all answers View all answers Print Try the Quiz. • Highly specialized cells in the kidneys are essential to these processes. Define, explain, draw and label the gross anatomy and the surrounding structures of the Urinary System. Each system has its own unique function. Specifically, the urinary system “cleans the blood” of metabolic wastes, which are substances produced by the body that it cannot. The bladder is then emptied via the urethra. Regulates water b. Webquest links Kidshealth Get Body Smart Health Conditions Body Waste. It is fully editable and has questions covering the structure and functions of organs in the urinary system. Urinary System Questions study guide by deejaybunny includes 43 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Urinary System Practice Unit Test Multiple Choice (10 marks) Circle the best answer for the following questions. no signal will be sent to the brain. The elimination from the body of metabolic waste products such as nitrogen wastes through the kidneys. , erythropoietin) • Metabolization of vitamin D to active. After blood enters the kidney, it travels to the:. Urinary System. Get the app and you’ll find tons of multiple choice questions. 73 terms Exam I (Chapter 17 and 18). The brain then depending on the amount of urine stored in the urinary bladder will give the signal of either opening or closing of the sphicter muscles …. Kidney label. limbic system 10. Urinary System Practice Unit Test Multiple Choice (10 marks) Circle the best answer for the following questions. defecation. In this urinary system quiz instructional activity, students complete an on-line quiz, clicking on questions and matching answers, scoring 1 point for each correct answer. Anatomical quadrants and body planes; Urinary system; The Circulatory System; The Digestive System; The Endocrine System. vegetables Vary your veggies 17. If you get a question right the next one will appear automatically, but if you get it wrong we'll tell you the correct answer. To get the answer to any of these exams, click here. 17 Urinary System (Kidney Labeling) and was created by member bnigh001 Login. The central nervous system is made up of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. 0*106 Answer: 4 Q2. Renal system questions and answers NURSING OFFICER'S OFFICIAL. The structure that connects a kidney to the urinary bladder is the ureter. The answers are to be written on the answer sheet preferably in pencil, since it is easier to change your answer. C) A protein generated by the immune system in response to a foreign substance. Laurie's English class as well. It is a closed tubular system in which the blood is propelled by a muscular heart. Challenging questions about Chronic Renal Failure, Kidney Transplant and Renal Calculi are given in this test. Practice Urinary Elimination Nclex Questions and Fundamental of Nursing Classes + 1500 More Nclex Questions for Free. Start studying Urinary system multiple-choice questions. Urinary System Answer Key. An organ which is part of more than one system is the. Urinary & Male Reproductive System. neurology, ophthalmology, psychiatry, renal medicine, respiratory medicine, and rheumatology Download PDF Questions and Answers in General Topology Book. Practice Quiz: Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology Please wait while the activity loads. exploringnature. pdf Use our free practice test questions to prep for Urinary Systems, and get a high score. The first step in urine production Answers 1. In the lungs a. Muharram Ali on 70 TOP PHYSIOLOGY Multiple Choice Questions and Answers pdf Medical interview questions,multiple choice questions,objective type questions,lab viva questions and answers ,online quiz test mcqs pdf free download for freshers experienced 2019. Note: All information on KidsHealth® is for educational purposes only. Based on your performance on this “NBDE” Practice Test, you’re not yet ready for the NBDE. Introductory renal quiz If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *. 0*106 Answer: 4 Q2. 57 terms Med Surg- Urinary System. Quizzes on the urinary system. The quiz consists of true/false and multiple choice questions. CASES, QUESTIONS, ANSWERS & SELECTED REFERENCES for Renal Week 2004's Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire FLUID AND ELECTROLYTES: MITCHELL HALPERIN CASE I: Medical History: This is the fourth admission with similar findings for a 22-year old male who has mild cerebral palsy. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. Student Academic Learning Services Page 1 of 3 Urinary Quiz 1. Since breaking down the entire musculoskeletal system would take up a whole other eBook, let's look at some specific things to watch out for on the CPC exam. c Test Your Knowledge 17-2 Answers, p. This quiz will evaluate your knowledge of the many portions of the anatomy of the Digestive, or Gastrointestinal System. Urinary System - Self Test questions. Take this quiz to find out! You will be presented 10 questions. Brain Questions. To get pass npte sample questions 2019 you must answers correct. Answers: Five Senses Word Wheel. Test out what you know about the urinary system by taking up the quiz below. EKG & Heart Sounds. Urinary & Male Reproductive System. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This bundle of printable Game Board and three complementary PowerPoints contains 120 comprehensive multiple choice questions from the full year to help students prepare for a Human Anatomy & Physiology exam. answer "solponx" to a question to which "salpinx" is a correct option, then "oviduct" is given as the right answer. Label parts of kidney (diagram) 3. Chapter Practice Test This activity contains 50 questions. creatinine. questions and answers on urinary system. You had to read them carefully to get what I was asking for and to choose the right answer. Brain Questions. The pancreas, kidneys, and urinary bladder are organs found in the urinary system. in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and taught both general biology and nutrition. I said this would be interesting, even fun. 2011 - Ordinary In the table write the letter X beside the name of the part labelled X. The brain has three main parts, the brain stem or medulla, the cerebrum, and the cerebellum. In people with a urinary tract blockage, this pattern of flow is changed, and increases and decreases more slowly. Cannibals feed on Carcases Blood Carnivores Members of own species Answer: 4 Q2. EKG & Heart Sounds. This quiz focuses on the organs of the urinary system, such as the kidney and the bladder. Take the Urinary Tract Infection Quiz. docx Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology, 5e (Martini/Nath) Chapter 18 The Urinary System Multiple-Choice Questions 1) The urinary system A) regulates plasma concentrations of electrolytes. Anatomy & Physiology II Dr. Take the Quiz: The Urinary System. An organ which is part of more than one system is the. The Urinary System Matching Quiz. Histology Quiz, MCQ , Questions and Exams with Urinary System ; Liver Intestines Stomach Endocrine Renal Male Female Eye Ear CNS Self Assessment Answers. On the CPC exam, there are about 10 questions on the musculoskeletal system, though that’s just an approximation. This is the end of the test. Take this quiz to find out! You will be presented 10 questions. Quizzes on the urinary system. As with all Surgery codes, you should know your medical terminology and anatomy. questions system answers urinary system answers kidneys urinary system quiz. breaks down food into substances our body can use 6. RESPIRATORY Multiple Choice Questions and Answers pdf free download,objective type interview questions mcqs for freshers and experienced medical students MEDICAL Interview Questions MEDICAL Questions and Answers,multiple choice questions,manual lab viva,seminor projects,online tests,objective type questions pdf free download for MBBS medicine. A urinary tract infection is infection of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Normal changes associated with aging of the urinary system that the nurse expects to find include A. Lectures Notes: 1 to 22 Vak learning styles questionnaire Sample/practice exam February 2014, questions and answers - multiple choice questions Bones and Skeleton Summary Principles of Marketing chapters 1-12 Sample/practice exam 15 March 2016, questions and answers - Kotler chapter 1-10. The digestive system processes food into usable and unusable materials. nervous system E. Directions: Answer the following questions according to ChooseMyPlate. Intended for elementary and secondary school students and teachers who are interested in learning about the nervous system and brain with hands on activities, experiments and information. Navigate to the Urinary System area in the following PAL 3. Label parts of kidney (diagram) 3. 20 Question NCLEX Quiz-- Respiratory He has a chest tube attached to portable water seal drainage system and oxygen per nasal cannula. material by using this question bank is to read four or at most five questions. Human cardiovascular system, organ system that conveys blood through vessels to and from all parts of the body, carrying nutrients and oxygen to tissues and removing carbon dioxide and other wastes. Answers rationale as to why. The kidney produces urine, which contains excess water, electrolytes and waste products of the body. In people with a urinary tract blockage, this pattern of flow is changed, and increases and decreases more slowly. After surgery, the following values were obtained from an arterial blood sample: pH 7. The "Associated theory" links lead directly to the corresponding pages of the theoretical sections, where you find the right answers. gradual loss of memory 2. GI System Disorders Med Surg Final Exam. Let’s now take a look at some of the day-to-day tasks performed by professional. Activity #1- labels. Lesson 11 an introduction to the circulatory system, students will read about the circulatory system and answer probing questions to test their understanding suggested timeline: 15 hours materials: an introduction to the circulatory system (student handout) teacher access to computer, projector and the internet quiz an. On the NCLEX RN test, 15 questions will also be pretest questions. It is a system of excretory organs that rids blood of wastes, excess water and excess salt. Each question has 4 answer choices- A, B, C or D. Connect ANATOMY&PHYSIOLOGY Urinary System Quiz Question 6 (of 9) 6. Take this WebMD quiz to see how much you know about your kidneys. The quiz does not provide comprehensive coverage of the contents of this site. Once theseare familiar, but before the answers are well-known, hide the answers and try to fill in the blank for each question. Answers: Tooth Anatomy Page and Printout Learn about the parts of a tooth and their functions. The question codes remain the same so just use the Question Code to indicate the repeat questions. Respiratory System. Digestive, Urinary and Reproductive Systems Anatomy 125 Practice Test MULTIPLE CHOICE. Frequently after surgery involving general anesthetic, a patient may not void urine for a period of time, because the kidneys have stopped producing urine. 3 1 A simple starter quiz- I get my students to answer on mini whiteboards bu putting the numbers and letters. [9] Primary Email List This collection gets updated usually after each exam (ie at least twice per year) as I receive new questions or other collections. complete with a few 'test yourself' questions for each one. sornays Which Structure Is Highlighted?. Anatomy and Physiology of Urinary System - Duration: Endocrine system questions and answers - Duration:. Use the quiz to test your basic histological know-how, know-what and no-where. This quiz will ask questions about one of the human body systems, the Excretory System. View full resource. Animation & slides showing anatomy of urinary system and the role of kidneys in getting rid of the waste products and excess fluid from our body to keep us healthy. parasympathetic system Exercise 2 1. The body's system of nerves. LOWER URINARY TRACT PATHOLOGY. I am a 21yr old female, I weigh about 135-140 with a Regular metabolism I took 20mg instant release Adderall at 2pm Tuesday afternoon, another 10mg at about 8pm Tuesday and another 10mg at 6am Wednesday morning I was drug tested about 8pm Monday night so about 132 hrs after I took the last 10mg. 73 terms Exam I (Chapter 17 and 18). Get Free Access See Review Kidney Filtering. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. It then flows down the ureter into the bladder where it is temporarily stored. Which of these is not true -- A, B, C or D? A. Quia Web allows users to create and share online educational activities in dozens of subjects, including Anatomy & Physiology. Kidney label. Exam Mode - Questions and choices are randomly arranged, time limit of 1min per question, answers and grade will be revealed after finishing the exam. nervous system E. CASES, QUESTIONS, ANSWERS & SELECTED REFERENCES for Renal Week 2004's Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire FLUID AND ELECTROLYTES: MITCHELL HALPERIN CASE I: Medical History: This is the fourth admission with similar findings for a 22-year old male who has mild cerebral palsy. Metabolic wastes would accumulate in the body and we would die. Human reproductive system, organ system by which humans reproduce and bear live offspring. Quiz: The Urinary System. 2011 - Ordinary In the table write the letter X beside the name of the part labelled X. Select Dissection (scalpel icon)à Select Topic àUpper Urinary. Infectious Diseases Quiz; Immune System Quiz; Revision Questions and Answers. org The job of the Nervous System is: A to receive stimulus as sensory input. before a medical test) and afterwards my urine smelled like cranberry juice. This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber. Urinary System. The organ that produces urea and uric acid as a by-product of the breakdown of proteins is the: A excretory system B urinary system C. The renal medulla is composed of tissue called _____. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Urinary System. Pee is made in your kidneys -- it gets to your bladder through two small tubes called ureters. Test out what you know about the urinary system by taking up the quiz below. The wastes excreted from the lungs are: A carbon dioxide and excess oxygen B carbon dioxide and nitrogen C water and carbon dioxide: 4. Urinary System Practice Unit Test Multiple Choice (10 marks) Circle the best answer for the following questions. Label the parts of the urinary system. Along with each histology question is a detailed explanation as to why the correct answer is correct, as well as information about the wrong answers. exploringnature. A lungfish is one of the only fish that has lungs, and gulps air into the lungs, forcing it down. I said this would be interesting, even fun. The digestive system processes food into usable and unusable materials. I allowed my fears to determine the questions that needed answers. Your urinary system removes a waste called urea from your blood after the food you eat is broken down in your body. • The urinary system rids the body of waste materials and controls the volume and composition of body fluids. An organ which is part of more than one system is the. more easily palpable kidneys. Provided all organs are present, normally constructed, and functioning properly, the essential features of human reproduction are (1) liberation of an ovum, or egg, at a specific time in the reproductive cycle, (2) internal fertilization of the ovum by spermatozoa, or sperm cells, (3) transport of the. Mammalian urinary system MCQs, mammalian urinary system quiz answers pdf to learn O level biology, online college courses. List 4 functions of the kidney. Brain Questions. The question codes remain the same so just use the Question Code to indicate the repeat questions. A comprehensive database of more than 53 urinary system quizzes online, test your knowledge with urinary system quiz questions. Learning Objectives. vegetables Vary your veggies 17. Route the flow of filtrate and urine. NCLEX PRACTICE QUESTIONS & Review Plans: After graduation from a school of nursing, one must take the NCLEX exam to receive his or her nursing license. renal artery _____ 1. Respiratory System - Self Test questions. The organs of the urinary system are organs of excretion—they remove wastes and water from the body. I am a 21yr old female, I weigh about 135-140 with a Regular metabolism I took 20mg instant release Adderall at 2pm Tuesday afternoon, another 10mg at about 8pm Tuesday and another 10mg at 6am Wednesday morning I was drug tested about 8pm Monday night so about 132 hrs after I took the last 10mg. himanshupathak at. Take the Pre-Test. Animal Farm Questions And Answers Chapter 1-4 Animal Farm Required Vocab - Chaps. Excretion of metabolic wastes Osmoregulation Regulation of acid-base balance Secretion of hormones 5. Several of his publications have appeared in peer-reviewed journals. Directions: Choose the letter of the best answer from the choices given for each question. Human Anatomy & Physiology: Urinary System; Ziser Lecture Notes, 2010. C) A protein generated by the immune system in response to a foreign substance. For some target organs, there may be MORE THAN ONE correct answer, in which case you should choose all answers that apply. If a vasoconstrictor is released as a result of high osmolarity of the filtrate sensed at the macula densa, what happens to GFR?. Osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens a person's bones, making them less dense and more fragile. The quiz consists of true/false and multiple choice questions. o boxer bitch recently i had her at my local vet as she was leaking from behind, he did scans, a kidney test, a urine test, etc. skip to main content. Take this quiz to find out how much you know about the urinary system. The cloaca is divided in development by the urogenital septum. Nutrition, Metabolism & Liver Questions (lots of questions to help you get ready for the exam!) nutrition and metabolism is a non-interactive. quizlet multiple choice question on urinary system. Urinary System Urinary System Urinary System - Overview: Marieb & Hoehn (Human Anatomy and Physiology, 8th ed. However, before you think that you’re going to need to go to medical school in order to understand what the course deals with, you can relax--anyone with a basic high school knowledge can be quite successful in this course. creatinine. According to the micturation reflex as given in the NCERT, strectch receptors help in sending the signals to the brain. One answer in each question is the correct answer but watch out for the "distracter". Urinalysis, also called a routine urine test, is used to check for abnormalities in the urine. com/public/qlqub/q15. 2011 - Ordinary In the table write the letter X beside the name of the part labelled X. composition of blood is determined more by kidney function than by diet. The digestive system processes food into usable and unusable materials. Questions about immune cells, infections and allergies. It is a closed tubular system in which the blood is propelled by a muscular heart. The central nervous system is made up of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. The organ system that performs this function in humans—the urinary system—is the topic of this chapter. Take this quiz to find out! You will be presented 10 questions. Tim and Moby explain the urinary system and how your kidneys and bladder work. The urinary system is an important part of the human body. o boxer bitch recently i had her at my local vet as she was leaking from behind, he did scans, a kidney test, a urine test, etc. A comprehensive database of more than 53 urinary system quizzes online, test your knowledge with urinary system quiz questions. NCLEX-RN Practice Quiz for Urinary System Disorders NCLEX Practice Test 2016: Answers. It goes into the large intestine to await disposal. On the CPC exam, there are about 10 questions on the musculoskeletal system, though that’s just an approximation. In women, sexual intercourse can cause these bacteria to be introduced into the urinary tract and lead to a bladder infection (cystitis). Nurse A - 139 Posts Vacancy at ACTREC, Navi Mumbai Asst. Once you have identified what you think is the correct answer, mark the corresponding checkbox, and then click on the Submit button. SMC STUDENT SELF QUIZ. Medical definition of urinary system: the organs of the urinary tract comprising the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. Increased vascularity in the cortex makes it appear ___ to the medulla. , pressure renin) • Regulation of red blood cell formation (i. Osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens a person's bones, making them less dense and more fragile. Digital rectal exam revealed a firm nodule at the base of the prostate gland. Splanchnic mesoderm. info (version 2) - pf exams - exam answers for penn foster www. As a nurse providing care to a patient with urinary tract infection, it is important to know the signs and symptoms, pathophysiology, nursing management, patient education, and treatment. These questions are specific to your textbook and have been provided to reinforce chapter materials. Excretory System Quiz. Kidney excretes urea. Although the genitourinary system can be complex, it's actually pretty easy to get a handle on what you need to know for the Physician Assistant Exam (PANCE). Urinary System; Skeletal and Muscular System Quiz Protection Support, and Movement (936-947) Choose the letter of the best answer. Regulates balance of acids, bases, and electrolytes c. Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. , mean arterial pressure of less than 80 mm Hg), extrinsic controls take precedence over intrinsic blood pressure controls. collecting duct. After blood enters the kidney, it travels to the:. Brain Questions. In the above picture: Identify the structure indicated by the yellow arrow. renal pelvis. You need to answer all the questions to be able to get your score. defecation. Practice Questions for Anatomy and Physiology Here you'll find a few questions that will test your knowledge of A&P. 1 Kidney Ureter Urinary bladder Urethra • Regulation of blood volume / blood (e. This bundle of printable Game Board and three complementary PowerPoints contains 120 comprehensive multiple choice questions from the full year to help students prepare for a Human Anatomy & Physiology exam. Test yourself by answering the short quiz one, quiz two and have fun with solving the puzzle. Take the following quiz to test your knowledge about this commonly occurring infection. Urinalysis, also called a routine urine test, is used to check for abnormalities in the urine. This process is made possible through the use of selected organs but the main one is the kidney, which removes urea from the blood through tiny filtering units called nephrons. All the sets of kidneys are functional. Correct Answer: They can stay in your kidney or travel down the urinary tract, where pee leaves your. Why might I need urine flow test? A urine flow test is a quick, simple test that gives useful feedback about the health of the lower urinary tract. Lesson 11 an introduction to the circulatory system, students will read about the circulatory system and answer probing questions to test their understanding suggested timeline: 15 hours materials: an introduction to the circulatory system (student handout) teacher access to computer, projector and the internet quiz an.